Thames Gateway Green Grids; Developing Tools and Methodologies to Deliver an Ecosystem-Based Approach

Project description: 

The purpose of this project was to assess the types of ecosystem services provided within a particular case study area undergoing extensive urban regeneration. The project explored how best ecosystem services could be evaluated within current land-use planning and decision-making frameworks. Kent Thameside is a key development area within the Government’s Sustainable Communities Plan. The area is already under considerable constraints, e.g. in terms of water resource availability, flood risk, air quality, transport and biodiversity. A Green Grid initiative was applied within the Kent Thameside: an important planning concept designed to improve the environmental perception of the Gateway and to provide multi-functional green spaces for community life by enhancing environmental assets. Ecosystem services were identified through stakeholder engagement and workshops. GIS modelling of the Green Grid initiative took place and was further developed through workshops. 

Organisations involved: 

Collingwood Environmental Planning, Defra

Scale of project: 
Kent Thameside
Total area covered by project: 
95 (sq. km)
Special purposes of project: 
Map ecosystem services
What ecosystem service classification was used?: 


Which ecosystem services were focused on?: 

  • Aesthetic/inspiration
  • Sense of place/heritage
  • Education
  • Recreation/tourism
  • Spiritual/religious
  • Crops, livestock, fish
  • Drinking water
  • Energy
  • Food
  • Natural medicines
  • Trees, standing vegetation, peat
  • Water supply
  • Wild species
  • Climate regulation
  • Detoxification and purification in air, soils and water
  • Disease and pest regulation
  • Erosion control
  • Flood control
  • Hazard regulation
  • Noise regulation
  • Pollination
  • Pollution
Habitats mapped for ecosystem services: 
Enclosed farmland
Freshwater, wetlands and floodplains
Semi-natural grasslands
Baseline data: 
Biological monitoring data
Habitat or land cover
Habitat quality and/or condition
Land use data
Rivers data
Notes on sources of baseline data used: 

Workshops and public consultation

Collingwood Environmental Planning
Collingwood Environmental Planning, 1E, The Chandlery, 50 Westminster Bridge Road, London, SE1 7QY
020 7407 8700