The role of urban trees and greenspaces in urban climate regulation

Project description: 

This programme aims to study how urban trees and greenspaces can help regulate air temperature in cities. To date, two field surveys have been carried out in London to evaluate the extent of cooling provided by various greenspaces. Air temperatures were first monitored in and around Kensington Gardens and, more recently, eight other greenspaces of different sizes. The two studies have been separately published, with each illustrating that the extent of cooling provided by a greenspace is related both to its size and the areas of tree canopy and grass. The research is now considering the cumulative cooling impact of greenspaces across a whole city. This research started in April 2011 and is currently ongoing.

Organisations involved: 

Forest Research

Scale of project: 
Greater and Central London
Special purposes of project: 
Map ecosystem services
Map health impacts
What ecosystem service classification was used?: 


Which ecosystem services were focused on?: 

  • Climate regulation
Habitats mapped for ecosystem services: 
Baseline data: 
Admin boundaries
Habitat or land cover
Key outputs available: 

Monteiro et al., 2016. The impact of greenspace size on the extent of local nocturnal air temperature cooling in London. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 16, pg160-169 (restricted access)

Doick et al., 2014. The role of one large greenspace in mitigating London's nocturnal urban heat island. Science of the Total Environment, 493, pg662-671 (restricted access)

Contact name: 
Kieron Doick
Contact job title: 
Head, Urban Forest Research Group
Forest Research
Centre for Forestry and Climate Change, Alice Holt Lodge, Farnham Surrey GU10 4LH
0300 067 5641