This paper investigates how targeted landscape management can be used to maximise increases in ecosystem services whilst minimising potentially detrimental effects on agricultural ecosystems. Arable land produces significantly different services to both pasture and woodland and a clear trade-off between calorie production and water quality can be observed. Under future scenarios of land use change, cultivated goods are projected to increase calorific output at the expense of decreased water quality at the study site of Loddington Farm in Leicestershire. This paper suggests that targeted landscape management, making use of fine-scale ecosystem service maps, will help to achieve the desired increase in ecosystem services from policy implementation. This project focussed on three ecosystem services at the farm scale: biodiversity, cultivation and water quality.
University of Southampton
Which ecosystem services were focused on?:
- Crops, livestock, fish
- Wild species
- Detoxification and purification in air, soils and water